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The PMRExam Podcast

PMR Board Prep instructor and PMRExam's creator, David Rosenblum, MD discusses issues relevant to Physiatrists and Pain Physicians. Dr. Rosenblum's Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Podcast, The PMRExam Podcast, features, interviews, board prep and practice management issues relevant to rehab physicians. For more information on Physiatry board prep and CME credits, go to PMRExam.com
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Now displaying: January, 2024
Jan 24, 2024

Painexam Podcast Show Notes: Journal Club on "Ventricular Infusion and Nanoprobes Identify Cerebrospinal Fluid and Glymphatic Circulation in Human Nerves"

Special Thanks to Robert Stall, MD

Introduction:

  • Welcome to another episode of the Painexam Podcast! In today's journal club edition, we delve into a fascinating study by Dr. Joel E. Pessa on cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) circulation in human nerves.

Background:

  • The study addresses the growing evidence of CSF circulation in human nerves and its implications in various conditions encountered by plastic surgeons.
  • Conditions such as nerve transection, stretch injuries, and peripheral neuropathy may be related to dysregulation of the CSF system.

Methods:

  • Dr. Pessa and his team developed the ventricular infusion technique using buffered saline in 2017.
  • The technique was applied to eight fresh cadavers before dissecting the median nerve.
  • Fluorescent imaging and nanoprobe injections were combined with ventricular infusion in selected specimens.

Results:

  • The eight cadaver specimens (six female, two male) aged 46–97 underwent successful ventricular infusion.
  • Ventricular cannulation was performed successfully using specific coordinates.
  • Results suggest that CSF flows in neural sheaths, including pia meninges, epineurial channels, perineurium, and myelin sheaths (neurolemma).

Conclusions:

  • Ventricular infusion and nanoprobes effectively identify CSF flow in neural sheaths of human nerves.
  • CSF flow in nerves is described as an open circulatory system occurring via channels, intracellular flow, and cell-to-cell transport associated with glial cells.
  • Neural sheaths, including neurolemma, may play a role in glucose and solute transport to axons.
  • The techniques showcased in this study can be utilized in anatomic dissection and live animal models and have been extended to the central nervous system to identify direct ventricle-to-pia meninges CSF pathways.

Significance:

  • This study opens new avenues for understanding the intricate mechanisms of CSF circulation in neural tissues.
  • Plastic surgeons and researchers can benefit from these techniques in studying and addressing conditions related to CSF dysregulation in nerves.
  • The findings have implications not only for nerve-related conditions but also for broader applications in the central nervous system.

Closing:

  • Thank you for joining us on this insightful journey through Dr. Joel E. Pessa's study. Stay tuned for more engaging discussions on pain management and neurology in future Painexam Podcast episodes!

Reference

Pessa JE. Ventricular Infusion and Nanoprobes Identify Cerebrospinal Fluid and Glymphatic Circulation in Human Nerves. Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open. 2022 Feb 17;10(2):e4126. doi: 10.1097/GOX.0000000000004126. PMID: 35198353; PMCID: PMC8856590.

Jan 10, 2024

 

Exploring the Role of Ultrasound in Headache Evaluation and Treatment

A Journal Club based on Dr. Andrea Trescott's article: 

 Ultrasound for evaluation and treatment of headaches. Anaesth Pain & Intensive Care 2017;21(2):241-253.

Click Here to Claim CME for reflecting on content presented in this journal club.

David Rosenblum, MD

Accepting New Patients

Patients Interested in scheduling a consultation with Dr. David Rosenblum can call 

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In this Podcast, Dr. Rosenblum discusses patient's in his practice who responsed to ultrasound guided nerve blocks in the treatment of headaches.  He discusses the use of ultrasound injections as opposed to medication to manage the pain and references Dr. Trescott's comprehensive article on the various nerves and clinical presentations of headaches related to terminal nerve entrapment or irritation. 

Dr. Rosenblum discusses

  • Supraorbital Neuralgia
  • Auriculotemproal Nerve
  • Anatomy
  • Clinical presentation
  • Interventional Pain Therapies

Summary of Dr. Trescott's Article and Key Points:

  • Headaches, affecting 28 million people in the US, pose a significant burden on society in terms of medical costs and lost labor. They are complex neurologic disorders with diverse origins and causes.
  • Headaches are often viewed as the primary pathology, but they are fundamentally a symptom. Understanding them is an evolving science, and their patterns can be recognized for effective diagnosis and treatment.
  • In 2003, Pareja et al proposed the term "epicrania" for headaches triggered by extracranial causes, suggesting a link between intracranial components and extracranial nerves.

Peripheral Triggers and Plastic Surgery:

  • Plastic surgeons noted relief of migraines through corrugator muscle resection and botulinum toxin injection, indicating peripheral headache triggers.
  • Severe migraines post-head or neck injury may have an extracranial origin, suggesting peripheral nerve irritation. Traditional migraine medications may offer modest relief.
  • Primary treatment involves inhibiting nerve irritation through interventional pain techniques, turning off the pain origin and associated migraine centers.

Ultrasound Advantages:

  • Evaluation and injection of nerves have traditionally used landmarks and fluoroscopic images, but ultrasound offers unique advantages.
  • Nerves often travel with arteries, potentially contributing to "throbbing" pain. Ultrasound provides a more precise and dynamic visualization of these structures.

Exploring Extracranial Causes:

  • The International Classification of Headache Disorders (ICHD) categorizes headaches as primary or secondary. While valuable, it broadly defines peripheral nerve contributions as "Other Terminal Branch Neuralgias."
  • The study of extracranial peripheral nerve entrapments and dysfunction reveals overlap between ICHD-defined headaches and potential nerve entrapments causing these pain patterns.
  • Collaboration with disciplines like pain management enriches the understanding and treatment options for headaches.

Conclusion:

  • Headaches, often seen as isolated intracranial phenomena, may have extracranial triggers. Understanding and treating these triggers, especially through ultrasound-guided techniques, present a promising avenue in headache management.

NRAP Academy also offers:

 

Private Ultrasound Training Available

Email Info@NRAPpain.org

Reference:

  • Trescot A. Ultrasound for evaluation and treatment of headaches. Anaesth Pain & Intensive Care 2017;21(2):241-253.

Publication Details:

  • Received: 15 Aug 2015, Reviewed: 2 Jun 2016, Accepted: 28 Jun 2016.

This podcast explores the dynamic relationship between intracranial and extracranial factors in headaches, shedding light on potential breakthroughs in their evaluation and treatment.

  #interventionalpain #painboards #painfellowship #painexam  #regionalanesthesia #ultrasoundguidedpain #ultrasoundpain #ultrasoundmsk   #paincme #paincmecourse

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